Near Northside of Chicago, Little Sicily (1914). Click photo for full-size view.
One hundred years ago, the public infrastructure fell woefully short of supporting the massive influx of immigrants to the U.S., so rates of illness and death due to poor sanitation and violent crime rates were high in immigrant communities.
Since few immigrants could afford medical care, many relied on free public hospitals.
Cook County Public Hospital (1909).
Line at welfare office. Chicago 1903.
Local warming was a more serious concern than global warming:
Women and children picking up coal at coal yard in Chicago (1902).
In 1933, Chicago Mayor Anton Cermak was shot and killed by Giuseppe Zangara in what was believed to be an assassination attempt on President Roosevelt. There was a good deal of speculation and debate about Zangara's motive as well as the true intended target of the shooting. Some believed that Zangara was actually hired to kill Cermak for cooperating with federal efforts to clean up organized crime in Chicago.
Zangara was executed in the Florida electric chair just two weeks after Cermak's death.
"You give me electric chair. I no afraid of that chair! You one of capitalists. You is crook man too. Put me in electric chair. I no care! Get to hell out of here, you sonofabitch [spoken to the attending minister]... I go sit down all by myself... Viva Italia! Goodbye to all poor peoples everywhere!... Lousy capitalists! No picture! Capitalists! No one here to take my picture. All capitalists lousy bunch of crooks. Go ahead. Pusha da button!" --Giuseppe Zangara's last words.
Alderman Touhy, future Chicago Mayor Anton Cermak (referee) and Alderman Lyle settling a disagreement.
Fear of immigrant anarchists was widespread during the early part of the 20th century. In a strange incident that occurred in 1908, Chicago police chief George Shippy shot and killed a Jewish immigrant who knocked on the door of his home. Initially, Shippy believed that Lazarus Averbuch was either a Sicilian or Armenian anarchist. Read more here.
Chicago P.D. Captain Evans holds up the body of the decedent, Lazarus Averbuch, who was shot and killed in the home of Chicago's police chief George Shippy (1908).
The Carsello family survived a bombing that destroyed their Chicago home. No doubt Carsello or someone in his family was a shoemaker. The shoemaker's children usually had decent shoes.