I ran across an interesting case in Michael Bailey's book, The Man Who Would Be Queen (2003). "Kraig" was part of a longitudinal study of feminine boys conducted by UCLA psychiatrist Richard Green. Green met with Kraig periodically beginning when Kraig was age 5 and continuing until age 18.
After he entered the Green study, Kraig entered a separate "treatment" study with George Rekers. Bailey describes Rekers as a member of the “ultra conservative ‘Leadership U’” and an academic psychologist who has held positions at Harvard, UCLA and the University of South Carolina. Rekers was funded by the NIH to study the treatment of G.I.D (Gender Identity Disorder). Bailey notes that there are "disturbing aspects of Rekers’ work that are peculiarly unscientific, such as his writings invoking religious arguments for the superiority of heterosexuality. His assertion that homosexuality is ‘an unfortunate perversion’ was, even in 1982, certainly out of fashion in academia, which tends to be socially liberal. Rekers represents the right wing of gender theorists and therapists.” (Bailey, p. 24)
And discussing Kraig's therapy with Reckers, Bailey reports the following:
"Kraig entered therapy when he was about five years old. Both his parents were quite worried about, and his father was in fact intolerant of, Kraig’s feminine behavior. At least once prior to therapy his father spanked Kraig for putting female clothes on his stuffed animals. Kraig’s therapy involved the application of behavior-modification principles that are familiar to many psychologists, teachers and parents. For example, Kraig’s mother was trained to ignore him whenever he displayed feminine behavior. This was initially quite traumatic for both of them. Kraig screamed so loudly in the laboratory during one session that he had to be removed by a laboratory assistant. Kraig was also put on a “token economy,” in which he was given different colored tokens for masculine and feminine behavior. The blue tokens he earned for masculine behavior could be exchanged for treats such as candy bars. The red tokens he earned when he was “bad” – feminine—had bad consequences ranging from loss of blue tokens to loss of television time to the most effective punishment: being spanked by his father. Although training occurred in the laboratory, these techniques were applied in all areas of Kraig’s life, for example, including his choice of male versus female playmates.
According to Rekers, after 60 sessions Kraig engaged exclusively in male-typical behavior. Rekers treatment team noticed, however, that in the laboratory Kraig seemed to be acting. He would approach the table of toys and say something like “Oh look at those girls’ toys. Yuck. I don’t want to play with those. Where are the good boys’ toys?” Still, Rekers convinced himself that Kraig was a clear success. Indeed, two years after treatment ended, his mother was concerned that Kraig had become too rough and destructive. Rekers advised her that this problem was treatable and was preferable to the excessive femininity that Kraig initially displayed.
[Richard] Green saw Kraig periodically between the ages of 5 and 18. When Kraig was 17, his mother was interviewed and she was thankful that he had the therapy; that without it he would have doubtless become homosexual or worse. Unfortunately, however, the therapy had not rescued Kraig’s relationship with his father which had only gotten worse. (It seems that Kraig never learned to enjoy hunting and preferred art and theater to sports.) At age 17 Kraig was telling a story similar to his mother’s, indicating his disgust homosexuality and men who behaved in a feminine way. A year later, however, Kraig admitted that he not only had homosexual feelings but that he had acted on them—with a complete stranger in a restroom in a convention center. He felt in his mind that the experience was “unreal,” and shortly afterwards took an overdose of aspirin. (He survived.) He believed that his parents would be disappointed and upset if they found out that he was not heterosexual. In general, Kraig appeared ashamed and deeply conflicted about his homosexuality. But he no longer enjoyed dressing or acting like a girl. (pp. 25-26)
Update: Senator Craig Resigns
Typical political pandering to a constituency that drives its own children toward sex in public restrooms:
"Craig's announcement, just days after he swore to fight the charges, was hardly surprising, given the race among Republican legislators and candidates to distance themselves from the senator, many of them calling outright for his resignation. 'Disgusting,' said 2008 GOP presidential hopeful Mitt Romney. 'Unforgivable,' said [Republican Senator Mitch] McConnell to a local newspaper in his home state of Kentucky."
I'll betcha Michael Bailey has been thinking about his "Kraig" recently.